The Regional Action Plan is a commitment by governments in South Asia to end child marriage. Most Searched Indian Female Celebrities on Google 2020, COVID-19 Impact on Air Travel to Pakistan, Instagram’s ‘Live Rooms’ Allows 3 More People to Stream Live, WhatsApp’s Disappearing Messages Feature goes Live in India, The Stigma of Prostitution & Sex Work in Bangladesh, Son who stood up to Mother's Slut-Shamers with Red Lipstick, Shagufta K Iqbal talks Spoken Word Poetry & The Yoniverse. Child Marriage in South Asia: Brutal Murder of Innocence: Saxena, Shobha: 9788189915438: Books - Amazon.ca In the United Kingdom, there is no publicly available government data. The FMU also revealed that the place with the highest number of cases in 2018 was the capital city, London. One-third of girls in the … 6.3k, Manish Malhotra Recalls his Favourite Muse Sridevi, COVID-19 Impact on Desi Pubs in the West Midlands, Best Indian Takeaways to Order From for Lockdown, Cyrus Todiwala’s Cafe Spice Namaste relocating after 25 Years. This means victims require more help than ever. Marrying your daughter off young means it is one less mouth to feed for poorer families. Child marriage, defined internationally as marriage where one or both spouses are under the age of 18, 2 is legally prohibited under many national laws in the region as well as by international human rights treaties adopted by South Asian countries; however, the practice … "I don’t understand why everyone is in a rush to marry girls.". Bangladesh has the highest rate of child marriage in Asia (the fourth highest rate in the world). The Global Girlhood Report 2020 conducted by the charity highlights the dreadful impact of Covid-19 as it has caused “irreversible setbacks and lost progress” for girls. Senior statistics adviser for UNICEF, Claudia Cappa speaks about the same saying: “When we think about child marriage we often think about girls, and rightly so because girls are most affected. This is because Covid-19 has caused a loss in employment meaning perpetrators are spending more times indoors. The legal age for females to marry in most South Asian countries is 18, or 16 in Afghanistan; however, underage marriage remains common. Rani (not her real name) a 13-year-old from India was set to marry in the summer of 2020. The Covid-19 pandemic has undoubtedly negatively affected the rate of child marriage. However, 2020 might be far worse. The marriage of girls aged 15-18 is however still commonplace, so more efforts are needed to protect older adolescents from marriage. Child marriage is particularly pervasive across South Asia and Africa, where 50-70 percent of girls in some countries are married before the age of 18 (UNICEF, 2009). A dowry can be in the form of money, property or goods. Children are robbed of their education, childhood, freedom and well-being making them extremely vulnerable to marital abuse. Usually, the younger the bride, the less dowry her family must pay to the groom’s family. In 2016, UNICEF and UNFPA joined forces through a Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage in 12 countries with the highest rates of child brides. In fact, South Asia which is home to the greatest population of youth, is also where girls are most vulnerable to child marriage. In South Asia, it is implemented in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal. Child Marriage In South Asia This briefing paper demonstrates why governments must be held accountable for addressing child marriage in the region and discusses child marriage as a form of early and forced marriage. The lack of education corresponds to the health risk associated with child marriage which is ultimately detrimental. Child marriages can result in serious violations of human rights as it prevents the child from having a childhood where it can play and be protected. Before the pandemic, India, which accounts for one in three child marriages globally, had become a world leader in working to reduce child marriage, through education and awareness. Despite not being physically prepared for childbirth, girls have no say in family planning due to their subordinate position and limited education. We explore the causes and effect of child marriage and the impact Covid-19 has had on this crisis. This can lead to cases of domestic violence plunging child brides into what seems like an inescapable life of torture. It takes a holistic approach to ending child marriage, with seven main areas of focus: Mumbai recorded its seventh case of attempted child marriage this year in Shivaji Nagar last week. Her fascination lies in sports, fashion and beauty. The Covid-19 pandemic has led to an increase in child marriages as well as domestic abuse. Child marriage drops in South Asia, leading global decline. The Worth of a … This tradition is another incentive for families to marry their daughters off young. Child marriage is the formal or informal union of one or both people under the age of 18. An estimated 500,000 more girls risk being forced into child marriage and as many as one million more are expected to become pregnant in 2020 as a result of the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, new analysis from Save the Children reveals—a year-over-year increase of four … Child Marriage is defined as a marriage of a girl or boy before the age of 18 and refers to both formal marriages and informal unions in which children under the age of 18 live with a partner as if married. In the UK, cases of child marriage are happening the country’s migrant communities such as Pakistanis, Indians, Bangladeshis and Somalians to name a few. Forced marriage is where one or both parties do not consent to the marriage. Governments in South Asia have an absolute legal obligation to eliminate child marriage. South Asia expected to be hardest hit, with nearly 200,000 more girls at risk of child marriage in 2020. “An increasing number of children falling into poverty as a result of the pandemic will mean more girls in the poorest households, where rates of child marriage are highest. Their chance to learn, grow and secure a job is snatched away from them as they are forced to serve their husbands and bear children. Almost one in five girls (17%) are married before the age of 15. While the rates of child marriage are decreasing in South Asia, the vulnerability and insecurity that arises during humanitarian crises threatens to undermine this progress. Child marriage is the result of the interplay of economic and social forces. That translated to 24.4 million young girls in South Asia. The programme will work in partnership with governments, civil society organisations and young people themselves and adopt methods that have proven to work at scale. UNICEF’s approach to ending child marriage in South Asia recognises the complex nature of the problem, and the socio-cultural and structural factors underpinning the practice. Child Marriage programmes focus on Bangladesh, Pakistan, Indonesia, Nepal and Cambodia. Child marriage is also expected to rise in other regions including East Asia, the Pacific, Europe and Central Asia… Child marriage in South Asia: International and constitutional legal standards and jurisprudence for promoting accountability and change Focuses on violations of women’s and girls’ reproductive rights and right to be free from sexual violence arising from child marriage in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Child marriage is still a massive problem in many developing countries. For the first time, existing strategies in areas like health, education, child protection and water and sanitation, are coming together to form a unique holistic programme with shared plans and goals. UNICEF’s approach, therefore, envisions success in two timeframes. Speaking to The Lancet, senior gender policy adviser at Save the Children UK, Gabrielle Szabo said: “We are deeply concerned about the impacts of Covid-19 on efforts to end child marriage in India and across South Asia. Various United Nations Conventions deem child marriage a fundamental violation of human rights (UNGA, 1949, 1989, 2014), as well as a harmful practice because it … In fact, South Asia which is home to the greatest population of youth, is also where girls are most vulnerable to child marriage. 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There are estimated to be 285 million child brides in South Asia. Over the past ten years in Bangladesh, for example, the proportion of girls marrying before 18 has fallen from 73 percent to 66 percent. Copyright © 2008-2020 DESIblitz. Child marriage has long been common in traditional communities from the Indonesian archipelago to India, Pakistan and Vietnam, but numbers had been decreasing as charities made inroads by encouraging access to education and women's health services. Save the Children has warned that in the next five years approximately 2.5 million more girls across the globe are at risk of child marriage due to Covid-19. Child marriage is prohibited by national and regional laws in South Asian countries such as India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka. The list is regularly updated to include the latest information. According to the World Health Organisation, 70,000 girls die due to pregnancy and childbirth each year. Bollywood Celebrity Depression: What are the Causes? Child marriage cases handled by the FMU in 2018, highlighted the countries with the largest number of related cases: Reports have also suggested that British girls are being taken to their parents’ homeland to get married. As a result of this, there is a power imbalance in the relationship. “It’s a rights violation. The children’s helpline, Childline, reported a 17% increase in calls from girls in June and July 2020 compared to 2019. Early marriage and forced marriage is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa where 38% of girls become child brides. Child marriage affects both girls and boys, but it affects girls disproportionately, especially in South Asia. The Bangladesh government has initiated various National Action Plan to end child marriage in compliance with UNICEF-UNFPA global programme to accelerate action to end child marriage, South Asian Initiative to End Violence Against Children (SAIEVAC), and Kathmandu Call to Action to end child marriage in Asia, but the concern is when there is any catastrophe like war, disaster, refugee crisis, or … Typically, migrants in the UK seemingly feel the need to hold onto their cultural values to ensure their children are not westernised. Sharina from Bangladesh was married when she was 14 to a man she had never met and didn't want to marry. Among girls growing up in South Asia, 30% experience early marriage, compared with 25% in Latin America and the Caribbean. Typically, child marriages affect girls. Although it is illegal to marry under the age of 18 in India, UNICEF estimates that approximately 1.5 million girls under 18 get married each year. Child marriage affects both girls and boys, but it affects girls disproportionately, especially in South Asia. This figure highlights the grave risk to young girls forced in marriage. If the current rate of decline continues, this will have fallen to 20 per cent by 2030. Nepal has also one the highest rates of child marriage in Asia for both boys and girls. This violates children’s rights making them susceptible to abuse, violence and exploitation. These resources are a small selection of materials produced by UNICEF in the region and globally. Almost half (45%) of all women aged 20-24 years reported being married before the age of 18. India has the largest number of brides in the world – one-third of the global total. Girls were most impacted by child marriage in South Asia, followed by West and Central Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean in 2020. They would have married young (as was expected during those times), therefore their children should abide by the same. Why is Illegal Liquor a Big Problem in India? Another effect of child marriage is a lack of education. Child marriage violates a child’s human rights as stated above. Covid-19 has added fuel to the fire of child marriages as it has negatively impacted the already dire causes of the ongoing crisis. The gradual decline into poverty is another major driving force towards child marriage. Are NHS Flu Jabs and Vaccines made from Eggs? Her motto is: “no two days are the same, that is what makes life worth living.”, "For too long these stories have not been captured by those who have the experience to best articulate it. They don’t understand that it is important to go to school, start earning and be independent.”. Due to these beliefs, gender inequality is an extreme problem in South Asian households and an underlying cause for child marriage. Traditionally, South Asians view men as breadwinners and women as wives and mothers. South Asia accounts for almost half of all child marriages that occur globally 1 —the most of any region in the world. Feeling isolated from family and friends, child brides often suffer in silence and are subjected to both physical and mental abuse. 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The assistant commissioner for Women and Child Welfare in Maharashtra, India said: “It was easier, cheaper and they could get away with inviting very few people.”. This report combines the findings from research with conflict-affected Rohingya refugees residing in Bangladesh, and 2015 earthquake affected communities in Nepal. This can include financial pressure, violence, threats and more. Laws against child marriage have been enforced in various countries, however, these efforts have arguably done little to curb the ongoing crisis. The dreadful Covid-19 pandemic has marred life as we know it reversing years of progression made, especially on child marriage. Not only that, but the issue of dowry also comes in play. Rani’s grievances did not end there, soon after her father died from tuberculosis. Child marriages in the UK are usually related to the concept of upholding cultural values. In communities where the practice is prevalent, marrying a girl as a child is part of a cluster of social norms and attitudes that reflect the low value accorded to the human rights of girls. But boys do marry in childhood. Child marriage among girls Across the globe, levels of child marriage are highest in sub-Saharan Africa, where 35 per cent of young women were married before age 18, followed by South Asia, where nearly 30 per cent were married before age 18. However, according to the Forced Marriage Unit (FMU), in 2018, the organisation dealt with 1,764 cases of forced marriage. Child marriage is particularly pervasive across South Asia and Africa, where 50-70 percent of girls in some countries are married before the age of 18. It creates a burden for boys to take on adult responsibilities and roles when they are still children themselves – like providing for a family.”. Another cause of child marriage in both the UK and South Asia is the deep-rooted patriarchal beliefs which devalue females and put males on a pedestal. Highlights. In the short term (5-10 years), UNICEF sees a critical mass of children, families, and communities changing their attitudes and behaviours; in the longer term (10-30 years), UNICEF sees aspirations for all children upheld by new social norms. According to ActionAid, “more than 250 million women alive today were married before their 15th birthday.”. An Estimated 51 Million Girls Younger than 18 Worldwide are Child Brides. Despite considerable progress, child marriage remains endemic in India, a country that accounts for one out of every three child brides in the world. So parents who are receiving marriage proposals for their daughters are not hesitating to say yes. JUI-F chief Fazlur Rehman accuses PTI govt of pre-poll rigging ahead of Gilgit-Baltistan elections Child Marriage in South Asia: Stop the Impunity focuses on the violations of women’s and girls’ reproductive and fundamental human rights that stem from child marriage in the region. While parents may think the marriage is for the betterment of their child and family, it is most likely not. There are various reasons behind child marriage and this differs from country to country. Covid-19 has led to the closure of schools which once again hinders the progress of girls. Early childbirth puts young girls at risk of sexually transmitted diseases like HIV, stillbirth, obstetric fistula, infant mortality and death. UNICEF considers five entry points to accelerate these changes: (i) to increase agency and resources for adolescents – especially girls – at risk of and affected by child marriage; (ii) to enhance legal and development policy frameworks for an enabling environment that protects the rights of adolescent girls and boys; (iii) to increase the generation and use of a robust evidence base for advocacy, programming, learning and tracking progress; (iv) to enhance systems and services that respond to the needs of adolescents at risk of or affected by child marriage; and (v) to increase social action, acceptance, and visibility around investing in and supporting girls, and shifting social expectations relating to girls, including by engaging boys and men. DESIblitz is a ® registered trade mark | Email:info@desiblitz.com, Ayesha is an English graduate with an aesthetic eye. UNICEF’s approach to ending child marriage in South Asia recognises the complex nature of the problem, and the socio-cultural and structural factors underpinning the practice. Rates are 17% in the Middle East and North Africa, and 11% in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The issue is more concentrated in countries of Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia. Victims are sadly suffering more than before. Child marriage violates children’s rights and places them at high risk of … The young bride must abide by her groom’s commands as she is considered submissive in the relationship. According to UNICEF, India accounts for the largest number of child brides in the world with a third of the global total. It is important because it officially recognises child marriage as a human rights violation and acknowledges that it is a common concern for governments in the region. Plan International is working with men and women across Asia to change perceptions about child marriage and raise awareness of the rights of all children. In comparison, UNICEF revealed that 115 million men around the globe were married before the age of 18. But the practice persists unabatedly. At the global level, child marriage is included in Goal 5 “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls” under Target 5.3 “Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation”. According to … Which of these do you most use in your Desi cooking? Szabo echoes this saying: “Child marriage carries a huge human and economic cost … countries already reeling from pandemic-induced economic crisis cannot afford the cost of up to an additional 2.5 million child marriages in the next 5 years and more than 1 million adolescent pregnancies in the next 12 months alone.”. In particular, girls are married usually to men triple their age. “This will mean more girls at risk of early or forced marriage.”. Despite her parents attempt to force her into marriage, Rani did not concede. In fact, pregnancy and childbirth is the second highest cause of death for 15-19-year-olds across the globe. Usually, they are abused or pressured into marrying against their will. Child marriage opens up the victim to a life of suffering including violence and health risks. Child marriage is a human rights crisis occurring on an alarming scale in South Asia. An additional 200 000 girls in south Asia are expected to be forced into marriage this year. A child cannot provide informed consent, therefore, child marriages are forced. Twenty-five thousand children worldwide, most of whom are girls, are married every day— South Asia accounting for almost half of all child marriages. In India, a dowry is given from the bride’s family to the groom’s family. 18% of cases dealt with concerned children aged 15 or under. As a result of this, laws against child marriage are difficult to implement across a country. (Figures from UNICEF.) The options for females are limited concerning education and employment. This violates children’s rights making them susceptible to abuse, violence and exploitation. “I don’t understand why everyone is in a rush to marry girls. In South Asian countries the education of males is prioritised over females. Child marriage is a marriage or similar union, formal or informal, between a child and an adult or another child under a certain age, typically age eighteen. According to UNICEF, while Niger has … This means people are no longer able to afford a lavish wedding and are struggling to support their families. Despite the work carried out to combat child marriages in South Asia, the Covid-19 pandemic has gravely impacted this ongoing crisis. She said: “I want to go back to school when it reopens, and now I need to work harder as my father is no more. Unfortunately, several expectations including religious laws, parental consent and culture undermine these laws. South & Central Asia Benazir Bhutto’s Daughter Officially Enters Politics . Although the child marriage rates are decreasing in the region, this process is threatened to be undermined by the vulnerability and insecurity that comes with humanitarian crises. South Asia has the highest rates of child marriage in the world. Child marriage violates children’s rights and places them at high risk of violence, exploitation, and abuse. Usually, the organisation dealt with concerned children aged 15 or under percent of women aged 20-24 years reported married... Health risk associated with child marriage parents may think the marriage is human. A lack of education informed consent, therefore, child brides marry men considerably than... 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