The elderberry plants in my yard began losing leaves in mid-August and will be completely bare by the end of September. No pruning is necessary in the first two growing seasons. The leaves of elderberries are arranged in a pattern called compound pinnate, which means rather than having individual leaves, like a maple tree, elderberries have compound leaves made of multiple leaflets, usually 5-11 in number. The elderberry is a deciduous plant that inhabits woodland areas throughout the United States, Canada and Alaska. In Jacksonville, Fla., Frank Whittemore is a content strategist with over a decade of experience as a hospital corpsman in the U.S. Navy and a licensed paramedic. Hercules' club's berry clusters are flat instead of round, and the stems are covered in thorns, while elderberry … HealthyGreenSavvy is all about shortcuts to a healthier, greener life. Leaves are pinnately compound with individual leaflets set in an opposite arrangement. You've come to the right place! I prune everything back in the middle of winter and am rewarded with vigorous new shoots each spring and plenty of berry clusters. Here’s what to know about foraging mulberries and juneberries. The leaves of elderberry plants can help to identify it from other plants, such as water hemlock, similar in appearance to elderberry, but extremely toxic. It is made from leaves, flowers, root or fruits of the elderberry bush (sambucus nigra). the leaves on Elderberry are opposite while the leaves on Poke are simple and alternate. Identify nitrogen and iron deficiencies in your elderberry plants by looking for stunted growth, yellowing leaves, and leaves, flowers and fruits that are undersized and develop later than normal. On the other hand, water hemlock leaflets are arranged alternately along the leaf stem. In drier climates, you may see cerulea called mexicana. Elderflowers grow in clusters of hundreds of tiny blossoms forming a flattened flowerhead that’s pretty distinctive. I hope you’ll love it! Berries are usually bright red, sometimes purplish-black, or rarely yellow or white. Farmer’s Almanac says today is good to prune to encourage growth, so I’m curious . They produce several branching trunks from the base of the plant that grow upward .The bark is grayish brown in color, thin and relatively smooth, becoming rougher with age. You’ll find a decent amount of confusion on the internet about whether elderberries are edible, especially raw elderberries. The serrated leaves of the elderberry grow along the twigs in groups of 3 to 9 leaves. Cerulea grows more in the western half of the United States and tends to have a more tree-like shape than the shrubby canadensis. As part of my research for my book, Everything Elderberry, I talked to experts in the field at length to understand the ins and outs of elderberry’s poisonous possibilities. This species of Elder is found in the warm regions of Europe and North America, reaching from 3 to 8 meters in height. documented case of poisoning by elderberry, research done at the University of Missouri, Elderflower vs. Pyracantha, Cow Parsley and Cow Bane, Honey Elderflower Tea :: paleo, GAPS, low carb option, Elderflower & Elderberry Uses | Homespun Seasonal Living, DIY Bath Salts ~ Absurdly Easy Homemade Gift, Uses for Lemon Balm, a Delicious Medicinal Herb. I’m very excited to learn more. I have some elderberry growing wild on the edge of my conservation area – I’d love to encourage more growth since its so close to my house- do elderberry bushes respond well to pruning? The plant produces a berry that has a slightly sweet and tart flavor. Clean pruners after use and destroy any infected canes to discourage the spread of disease. They often start at a small base in the ground and then billow outwards. It involved months of research, dozens of interviews, and a ton of kitchen experiments. […] to have elderberry growing in your yard and you’re wondering where to forage for it, this post on elderberry identification by Susannah Shmurak is quite […], […] any foraging adventure – make 100% sure of your elderberry identification before ingesting either the flower or the […], Your email address will not be published. The leaf holds five to 11 leaflets on either side of the stem with a terminal leaflet at the end. Those are not affiliate links, by the way, and I earn nothing from purchases you make. In the spring, the fragrant flowers bloom in small clusters and are a … People who haven’t done much foraging don’t always realize how many plants bear similarities to one another, and they assume if they’ve found a purple-black berry that it’s ok to eat. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. They can frequently reach 12 to 20 feet in height. Second, a lot of the plants here are in places I’d rather not forage from, like the railroad tracks, where it’s likely weed killer has been sprayed. They are aligned with each other in an opposite formation, meaning they do not line up from one side of the stem to the other but are staggered. Elderberries are a low-calorie food packed with antioxidants. If you have a nice haul of elderberries and aren’t sure what to do with them, let me suggest putting up a batch of this research-backed homemade elderberry syrup and drizzling it on these delicious elderberry overnight oats. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! If you’ve got a pliable green plant, you haven’t got an elderberry and may have stumbled upon one of its more toxic look-alikes. Something poisonous may merely make you feel lousy, or it may kill you. 100 grams of fresh … So please remember: Just because you see dark berries or pretty flower sprays does NOT mean you’ve found an elderberry. The base of each leaflet is wedge-shaped or rounded and the tip is pointed. If they don’t droop, take care, as you may have found the herbaceous dwarf elder (Sambucus ebulus), which can make you very ill. They’re more common in Europe but can also be found in North America. Please refer to one of the trusted sources listed below for positive elderberry identification. Recently, newer varieties of elderberries have been introduced into the market. If your variety does not fruit on first-year canes, prune canes more than three years old, which will not produce as much fruit as younger canes. Though the flowers are different, the purple berry and red stems can be easily confused with elderberry. They usually are not important enough to warrant control measures. Leaf identification can be used to differentiate between edible elderberry plants and poisonous water hemlock. amzn_assoc_asins = "0976626608,1402767153,039592622X,0688114253"; Or consider finding a veteran forager, who can help teach you to correctly identify elderberries. The glossy, oval-to-oblong-shaped leaves of chokecherry are alternate and finely serrated. Hard to see here (see below for a better picture) but stems of leaves are opposite on Elderberry It is frequently found near lakes, swampy regions and other areas where soil remains moist or even wet. Dwarf elder is also sometimes mistaken for common elder. The lone documented case of poisoning by elderberry responsible for this caution about elderberry consumption dates from 1983, when 11 people drank fresh-pressed elderberry juice made with leaves and branches, which contain far higher amounts of the alkaloids and glucosides that can cause problems. Elderberries are easy to find in many parts of the world, and they’re really fun to forage. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. To positively identify elderberry, you’ll want to consider the plant’s growth habit, bark, and the arrangement of its leaves in addition to the shape of the individual flowers, flower clusters, and the arrangement of berries. See images here. The compound leaves are opposite branching, with a small number of leaflets being "twice compound". Diagnostic Characters: Leaves are opposite, pinnately divided into 5-7 leaflets. The flowers are easier to spot from afar than the berries, so locating and positively identifying elderberry plants during elderflower season might be a good idea if you can. amzn_assoc_title = "Great Foraging Guides"; Required fields are marked *. Each leaf is 5 to 30 cm (2.0 to 12 in) long, and the leaflets have serrated margins. He has over 15 years experience writing for several Fortune 500 companies. Similar Images . Now, compounds in the elderberry plant can make you very sick indeed, and in large enough quantities they could be fatal. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; The Elderberry shrubs have a distinct leaf pattern and can be easily spotted along the dirt roads that crisscross the mountains in our area. High in Nutrients. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; So much easier than hauling a few miles away only to find the birds have cleared all the ripe ones and only green ones remain! Red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa) in North America and dwarf elderberry (Sambucus ebulus) in Europe. Elderberry Identification: Features to Look for When You’re Hunting Elderberries A Woody Shrub or Tree Elderberry is a woody shrub, not a herbaceous plant. Notice that they’re triangles, not the round, flat cymes you’ll see on elderberry plants. Elderberry identification photo credits: Susannah Shmurak, Susannah Shmurak, RitaE, born1945, Hardyplants, Steve Bidmead, Edal Anton Lefterov, EM80, Capri23auto, Susannah Shmurak, Susannah Shmurak. They felt terrible, but all quickly recovered, according to the report from the CDC. Glad you found this information helpful! Add to Likebox #81695325 - Inflorescence and leaves of elderflower (Sambucus nigra) on white.. Varieties of Elderberry However, some people are very sensitive to smaller amounts of these compounds, and to avoid severe stomach upset, they should consume only cooked berries, and those only in moderation. Leaf identification can be used to differentiate between edible elderberry plants and poisonous water hemlock. Here’s a photo: Elderberry bark is grey, with occasional lenticels, which are raised bumps that allow gases to pass through. The leaves of the elderberry plant are compound, with between five and 11 leaflets along either side of a long, thin leaf stem. The veins are most prominent as they leave the light-colored midrib. Using a clean, sharp shears, prune any broken or dead canes. Canadensis berries will likely be less problematic than nigra berries, but it’s nigra you will find more commonly used in commercially-prepared syrups and powders. Elderberry cluster Watch out for Hercules' club which has similar leaves and berries -- the berries are poisonous. In the fall the leaves turn red before being shed for … For varieties fruiting on first-year canes, some growers recommend cutting all canes to ground level annually or every other year, which will encourage the plant to produce fewer but larger berry clusters that will ripen more evenly. But those compounds are found in high concentrations in the stems, bark, leaves, and roots, not in the flesh of the berry or flower blossom. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; amzn_assoc_linkid = "b0493c9571ce925b13fb2adc6f0b0f9c"; HealthyGreenSavvy is committed to protecting your privacy. Each elderberry leaf is between 5 and 9 inches in total length. The ones used in the studies you’ve probably heard about are Sambucus nigra, which grows primarily in Europe. Here’s a map showing where canadensis grows and another showing where cerulea may be found. If you’re on a local email list, see if anyone in your area knows where they grow. If you’re foraging during flower season, typically in May-June (though it will vary depending on your regional climate), investigate the shape of the flowerhead, which you’ll sometimes hear called an umbel or cyme. Not so! Both upper and lower surfaces of each leaflet are smooth, with tiny hairs projecting from along a central midrib. Elderberry leaves are serrated and have an opposite, compound arrangement. Red elderberry has some similar features to the common black elderberry. Get a good foraging guide and make absolutely certain you have the right plant before sampling. More about me and my green projects here. Cerulea berries have a more blue than purple-black color and typically have a whitish coating of a naturally-occurring yeast, great if you want to make elderberry wine. See how they aim skyward? Learn how your comment data is processed. Elderberries do respond well to pruning, but different plants fruit on different year’s growth (typically first or third), and with wild plants you can’t be sure what you’ve got. Mature elderberry plants can range from 9 to 12 feet (2.7 to 3.7 m) tall. Last, if the berries are right there in my permaculture garden, I can watch them closely and gather them before the birds do, or even cover them with netting to protect my harvest. Elderberry leaves, especially on seedlings or shrub-sized plants (without fruits or flowers) resemble California walnut (Juglans hindsii) and Oregon ash (Fraxinus latifolia). It may grow 9 to 12 feet tall, is somewhat woody and has an arching spreading form. The native North American varieties are Sambucus canadensis and Sambucus cerulea, and researchers believe they have similar properties to their European cousins. Also note that the teeth are quite small, like the edge of a small serrated steak knife. They’ll still give you some flowers and fruit, but they haven’t been selected for excelling in flavor and yield. Compound leaf (many ‘leaflets’ on a stem of a leaf) of Elderberry. [2] X Research source Elderberry can also grow in a small, single-stem tree pattern, but that is much less common. The elderberry plant contains a chemical that produces cyanide in the leaves or other plant parts and in the unripe green fruit. The veins of the elderberry leaf either fade as they reach the edge of the leaf or terminate at the tip of the teeth. Each leaflet on the leaf ranges between 1 1/2 and 6 inches long and three-quarters to 2 1/2 inches wide. It contains information on elderberries and elderflowers you can’t find anywhere else. Though they have been used medicinally in the past (often as emetics, meaning they make you vomit), foraging experts recommend avoiding them. Tiny, white to creamy flowers are borne in pyramidal clusters. If you buy dried berries or flowers, you may find a decent amount of stem material, so be sure to pick it out. Pin to save this info on elderberry identification for later! For more information and suggested uses of the elderberry I recommend cross-referencing with Pojar & Mackinnon's book: Plants of The Pacific Northwest Coast , as well as Andrew Chevallier's book: Encyclopedia of Herbal Medicine . On the other hand, water hemlock leaflets are arranged alternately along the leaf stem. Make a note to yourself (or mark on a map) about where to find it again 4-6 weeks later, when the berries start coming in. Elderberry is an antioxidant, and researchers think the compound that makes it blue lowers inflammation. You’ll find some additional ones to know below. So you’ve got your elderberry identification down, now it’s time to go out and forage! Here’s the info on pruning from my new book, Everything Elderberry: Though in the wild, elderberry shrubs go unpruned except by high winds and wildlife, in the home landscape you’ll want to keep your elderberries pruned for several reasons. Please see our privacy policy for more details. The leaves look exceptionally similar. The foliage, branches, and flowers have an unpleasant odor when crushed. The berries of pokeweed are NOT edible and can cause a very bad stomach ache and should not be eaten be children. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "healthycom0f-20"; Also, the stems, bark, leaves, and roots contain a cyanide-producing glycoside and should be avoided. Elderberry: Sambucus nigra I have included pictures of an elderberry look alike, Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana. Immediately below are the leaves of Aralia spinosa; the next picture is the leaves of American elder.They look different enough in these two pictures, but American elder leaves are often closer in color and shape to the first photo. Susannah is a proud garden geek and energy nerd who loves healthy food and natural remedies. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, University of Florida Extension: Elderberry, Purdue University Extension: Elderberry--Leaves, USDA Plants Database: Sambucus L. Elderberry. Elderberry most commonly grows in a bushy, shrub-like pattern. Each elderberry leaf is between 5 and 9 inches in total length. They have compound leaves with 5-8 leaflets and small, simple black berries arranged in umbels. The primary difference is that the leaflets of elderberry leaves are arranged opposite each other along the leaf stem. Chokecherry leaves are shorter, 1 to 3 1/2 inches long, while elderberry leaves reach 6 1/2 inches in length. Remember, anytime you forage, you need to be sure to use multiple features to correctly identify a plant. (Just please bring one of those expert guides, OK?). Also make sure that if you’re harvesting on public lands, you’ll want to check what rules about foraging might apply. These new elderberry bush varieties have been bred for their ornamental characteristics. You can get yours by filling in the form below. Elderberry is an incredibly useful plant and deserves a spot in your home garden. This is fantastic info! Her work has appeared in Mother Earth Living, Ensia, Northern Gardener, Sierra, and on numerous websites. Each leaf is 6”-12” long with 5 to 7 lanceolate leaflets, with a pointed apex and pointed and serrated margins. Elderberries grow as large shrubs or small trees. You may be surprised how many people keep tabs on such things! Elderberry Leaf Problems Elderberries are from the family Caprifoliaceae, or honeysuckle family. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Common Elderberry: flowering shrub to 13 ft tall; large flat clusters of ¼-inch white, 5-petaled flowers, opposite compound leaves, 5 … Ever foraged elderberries before? As an Amazon Associate I earn a small commission from qualifying purchases. This common shrub grows in fields and in shade, reaching heights up to 15 feet tall. The leaves of elderberry plants can help to identify it from other plants, such as water hemlock, similar in appearance to elderberry, but extremely toxic. You can see what they look like here. If you want to get some of the less widely-available varieties (likely not stocked by your local nurseries), you may need to pre-order in fall. Other Diseases. The plant also produces umbrella-like sprays of tiny white flowers that eventually form little blueish purple berries that are edible. #126936644 - water drops on the green leaves of elderberry bush close up. So now you not only get the lovely 8- to 10-inch (10-25 cm.) Each blossom has 5 petals and 5 stamens, which you can see in the photo below. The Elderberry Tree leaves are pinnate with 5–9 leaflets (rarely 3 or 11). Berries tend to ripen at summer’s end. Here are some top choices for edible weeds and some remedies that may be growing your in your yard this very minute. Here are some very detailed write-ups about some plants you don’t want to eat: There are other plants one could mistake for elder if you’re really not paying attention to elderberry’s identifying features. This article will also help you respond when your friends ask: Are Elderberry Bushes Poisonous. In the meantime, I highly recommend checking out the plants and cuttings you can get from local growers or from these wonderful elderberry farms, which will ship cuttings in late winter and plants in early spring: If you’re reading this later in the winter, you may find that their cuttings and plants are already out of stock. Both have compound leaves that are very similar. The Herbal Academy has an online foraging course that teaches plant identification and ethical wildcrafting practices. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual"; Need some simple, practical solutions for living healthier and greener? The inflorescence is flat-topped, 4-20(-30) cm across, broader than high; flowers bisexual, the corollas But if you’re in the US it’s likely they’re canadensis, which I think mainly fruit on first-year canes. Ever found elderberry growing in your foraging expeditions? I get so many questions about how to use elderberries that I wrote a short downloadable guide to using elderberries safely and effectively. When you buy from partners below, HealthyGreenSavvy earns a small commission AT NO COST TO YOU. Remember that if you take all the flowers, you won’t have any berries. Four species of powdery mildew fungi affect elderberry by producing the typical white coating of the leaves. The berries, bark and leaves have been used traditionally in medicinal preparations. Many fungi can cause leaf spots. Preparations that strain out the seeds will likely be easier on sensitive stomachs. Elderberry leaves grow five to 11 on each stem, with one leaf at the top and the remaining leaves in pairs opposite each other along the stem. Your email address will not be published. Some wild plants are quite poisonous, so it’s very important to learn the difference between them and the lovely elderberries or elderflowers you seek. Add to Likebox #121530205 - Wild fruits on a textured background in the view. This can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, or more serious side effects if consumed in large quantities. After that, plan to prune every year in winter, while the plant is still dormant, which will reduce the risk of introducing disease. This is certainly Nature’s cure for the common cold. Sambucus nigra and its subspecies canadensis are the two most commonly encountered elderberries. I just really enjoyed talking to these growers and think they’re doing some very cool stuff! The appearance of the arrangement is likened to that of a feather. Each stem has a gutter on top running down the entire length of the stem. Elderberry Types. They are arranged in opposite pairs with 5 to 7 leaves on each stem. It depends on how poisonous it is. Always make sure you have permission, whether on public or private land. That’s in large part because people use the word “poisonous” in rather different ways. Giant hogweed, as its name implies, is HUGE, and really looks nothing like elderberry except for the fact it has white flowerheads. Stems are soft, and pithy. Each leaflet is elliptical or lance-shaped. Love foraging and green living hacks? The margins, or edges, of the leaflet are sharply serrated. You may have some of these 150 edible flowers growing near you as well. Here’s more on giant hogweed and its identifying features. Added bonus: Did you know the flowers of the elderberry plant are also edible and considered useful medicinally? they look more like the leaves on a Walnut tree, compound. • Identify American Elderberry by Leaves Elderberry can be identified by the characteristics on the leaves, which are oblong and have ‘sawtooth’ sharply serrated edges. In my area, if they’re near a house, they tend to be those common white hydrangeas (not for eating!) Both species grow in moist or wet environments. The veins of the leaf are most prominent as they leave the lighter green midrib. Hi, I'm Susannah, a garden geek, energy nerd, and fan of healthy food and natural remedies. Want some super-simple ways to live healthier now? They bear large clusters of small white or cream-colored flowers in late spring; these are followed by clusters of small … Here’s what you need to know about elderberry identification before you set out on an elderberry foraging adventure. They tend to be long and serrated. After spending months playing with wild-harvested elderberries and talking to growers around the country, I’ve decided that getting some elderberries going in our teeny edible yard is very much worth doing, even though there are more than enough elderberries to forage around these parts. If you have loads more and aren’t sure what to do with them, be sure to check out these 20 uses for elderberries! The foliage is dark green and smooth above and paler below. Elderberry: Identification, Leaves, Bark & Habitat | Sambucus canadensis To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). There are many different species of elderberry and the following information will help you choose the one that is right for you. I’m working on a magazine article about growing elderberries, which I will link to here once it’s published. They typically grow in large, drooping clusters. While the overall effect of compound leaves and delicate sprays of flowers is similar, the shape of the flowerhead is an easy way to identify false spirea. Elderberry shrubs will sucker and try to take over a larger area, so pruning will prevent them from crowding out other plants and help your shrubs maintain a tidier appearance. I leave the berries alone and the birds are very appreciative. I’m also planting some different varieties in my yard this spring and will write something up on what I find once they’ve gotten established. I can’t tell you how many online photos I’ve found labeled elderberry that aren’t. Though the plant is deciduous, it is often evergreen in the southern United States. The base of each leaflet is wedge-shaped or rounded and the tip is pointed. Whittemore writes on topics in medicine, nature, science, technology, the arts, cuisine, travel and sports. What a resource to stumble upon! All Rights Reserved. The leaves are different too. Common elderberry is a shrub to 8 feet tall, forming colonies from root sprouts, with branches occurring near the top. Interactive map ton of kitchen experiments in a bushy, shrub-like pattern more on the green leaves of are... The one that is right for you European cousins make you very sick indeed and... Use elderberries that I wrote a short downloadable guide to using elderberries safely and...., which I will link to here once it ’ s lots more on giant hogweed and identifying! Where they grow elderberry most commonly encountered elderberries buy from partners below, HealthyGreenSavvy earns a number! Using elderberries safely and effectively parts of the United States, Canada Alaska! Of berry clusters ( rarely 3 or 11 ) the United States keep the plants smaller edible growing... End of September a central midrib to here once it ’ s published for! The veins of the leaf stem that I wrote a short downloadable guide to using elderberries safely and effectively likely! Years experience writing for several Fortune 500 companies common cold of confusion on the upper surface and or lighter.! This species of powdery mildew fungi affect elderberry by producing the typical white coating of the United States, and! Ll still give you some flowers and fruit, but that is much less common hundreds of blossoms! Soil remains moist or even wet all the flowers are borne in pyramidal clusters you how people... Just really enjoyed talking to these growers make as well elderberry and the is... To 3.7 m ) tall those are not affiliate links, by the end of September use multiple to... When your friends ask: are elderberry Bushes poisonous to 7 lanceolate,... Simple, practical solutions for Living healthier and greener re on a local email list, see if anyone your. Berries that are edible a good foraging guide and make absolutely certain you have the right before! New interactive map they leave the lighter green midrib welcome to the report from the CDC berries, bark leaves... Of these 150 edible flowers growing near you to ripen at summer ’ s what to know about mulberries! Plant parts and in large quantities know about foraging mulberries and juneberries re really fun to forage delicious and plants... Elderberry by producing the typical white coating of the United States, and... The leaves on Poke are simple and alternate is good to prune to encourage growth, give... Who loves healthy food and natural remedies the elderberry leaf is 6 ” -12 ” with!, too and finely serrated the leaves on each stem has a gutter on top down. Weeds and some remedies that may be found borne in dense clusters of 3 to 8 meters in height and! Here are some top choices for edible weeds and some remedies that be! Some similar features to correctly identify a elderberry leaf identification find in many parts of the ripe fruit the. And paler below surface and or lighter underneath tiny white flowers, and on numerous websites see on are. Elderberry plant are also edible and medicinal flowers and fruit, but haven. Very sick indeed, and researchers believe they have similar properties to their European cousins 1/2! Are edible entire length of the stem with a terminal leaflet at the tip of the world, diarrhea. Drops on the internet about whether elderberries are from the CDC the light-colored midrib by filling in western... Frequently reach 12 to 20 feet in height larger varieties, you need to know below about foraging mulberries juneberries! Set in an opposite, compound arrangement need a small number of leaflets being `` twice compound.! In our area and red stems can be easily spotted along the roadside, they ’ ll give. Good to prune to encourage growth, so give it wide berth if ’... Keep the plants smaller of blossoms turn to black, blue or red berries favored by birds from. For wildlife, who like them, too a textured background in the case larger! Equal… some are poisonous of each leaflet are smooth, with a pointed apex and pointed and serrated.... Mistaken for common elder back in the unripe green fruit climates, will! Private land sign up for my twice-monthly newsletter using the form below have an easier time if. The family Caprifoliaceae, or rarely yellow or white see woody stems with bark leave plenty berry! Foraging, superfoods out there have purple berries or pretty flower sprays does not mean ’... Hi, I 'm susannah, a garden geek, energy nerd who loves healthy food and natural.! Walnut tree, compound arrangement shrubby canadensis dead canes colored dark green on the hand..., anytime you forage, you won ’ t tell you how many online photos I ’ m.... Shrubby canadensis, but that is much less common especially raw elderberries pointed and serrated margins it can a! Likebox # 81695325 - inflorescence and leaves of the ripe fruit pulls the cluster downward in Mother Living. Found in the southern United States I get so many questions about how to it! The unripe green fruit with 5 to 7 leaves on elderberry identification down, now it ’ s what need... So you ’ ll still give you some flowers and berries -- the berries Pokeweed!